【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】復活期第七週星期六,追思亡者(2014-06-07/ 05-25)

正教會今日讀經:
宗/ 徒28:01-31
  我們得救以後,那時纔知道這島名叫默里達。土人待我們非常友善,因為當時正在下雨,天又寒冷,他們就生起一堆火來款待我們眾人。保祿拾了一捆柴,放在火堆上;有一條毒蛇,因熱而出,纏住了他的手。土人一見毒蛇在保祿手上懸著,就彼此說:「這人必定是個兇手,雖然他從海裏得了救,天理仍不容他活著。」保祿竟把那毒蛇抖在火裏,一點也沒有受害;他們等待保祿發腫,或者突然跌倒死去;但等了好久,見沒有一點不對的地方在他身上發生,就轉念說他是個神。離那地方不遠,有一塊田園,是島上的首領名叫頗里約的;他收留我們,款待了我們三天,很是厚道。適馮頗里約的父親臥病,患熱病和痢疾;保祿就到他那裏,祈禱以後,給他覆手,治好了他。這樣一來,島上其餘有病的人也都前來,也全被治好了。他們處處表示十分尊敬我們;當我們開船的時候,還給我們放上急需品。
  有隻用「雕斯雇黎」作標幟的亞歷山大里亞船,在那島上過冬:過了三個月,我們便乘這船航行。我們在息辣谷撒靠了岸,停留了三天;從那裏繞道前行,到了勒基雍。過了一夜,吹起了南風,次日我們就到了頗提約里;在那裏我們遇見了弟兄們,他們請我們在那裏住了七天;以後,我們便往羅馬去了。弟兄們聽到我們的消息後,便從羅馬來到阿丕約市場和三館迎接我們;保祿見了他們,就感謝天主,而獲得勇氣。我們進了羅馬,保祿獲准與看守他的士兵獨居一處。
  過了三天,保祿便召集猶太人的首領;待他們來齊了,就向他們說:「諸位仁人弟兄!論到我,我雖沒有行什麼反對民族,或祖先規例的事,卻被鎖押了,從耶路撒冷被交到羅馬人手裏。他們審問了我, 在我身上沒有找到該死的罪案,就想釋放我;
但猶太人反對,我不得已,只好向凱撒上訴,並不是我有什麼事要控告我的人民。為這個緣故,我纔請你們來見面談話。我原是為了以色列所希望的事,纔帶上了這條鎖鏈。」他們向他說:「我們沒有從猶太接到關於你的書信,弟兄們中也沒有一個人來報告,或說你有什麼不好;不過我們願意從你本人聽聽你的意見,因為關於這個教門,我們知道它到處受人反對。 」
  他們既與保祿約定了日子,就有更多的人到寓所來見他;他就從早到晚,給他們講解,為天主的國作證,引徵梅瑟法律和先知書,勸導他們信服耶穌。有的人因他所說的話而相信了,有的卻不相信;他們彼此不合,便散去了。散去之前,保祿曾說了這段話:「聖神藉依撒意亞先知向你們祖先說的正對。他說:『你去對這民族說:你們聽是聽,但不了解;看是看,卻不明白,
因為這民族的心遲鈍,耳朵難以聽見;他們閉了自己的眼睛,免得眼睛看見,耳朵聽見,心裏了解而悔改,而要我醫好他們。』
所以,你們要知道:天主的這個救恩已送給了外邦人,他們將要聽從。」
  保祿在自己賃的房子裏,住了整整兩年;凡來見他的,他都接待。他宣講天主的國,教授主耶穌基督的事,都非常自由,沒有人禁止。

  Once we had reached safety we learned that the island was called Malta. The natives showed us extraordinary hospitality; they lit a fire and welcomed all of us because it had begun to rain and was cold. Paul had gathered a bundle of brushwood and was putting it on the fire when a viper, escaping from the heat, fastened on his hand. When the natives saw the snake hanging from his hand, they said to one another, “This man must certainly be a murderer; though he escaped the sea, Justice has not let him remain alive.” But he shook the snake off into the fire and suffered no harm. They were expecting him to swell up or suddenly to fall down dead but, after waiting a long time and seeing nothing unusual happen to him, they changed their minds and began to say that he was a god. In the vicinity of that place were lands belonging to a man named Publius, the chief of the island. He welcomed us and received us cordially as his guests for three days. It so happened that the father of Publius was sick with a fever and dysentery. Paul visited him and, after praying, laid his hands on him and healed him. After this had taken place, the rest of the sick on the island came to Paul and were cured. They paid us great honor and when we eventually set sail they brought us the provisions we needed.
  Three months later we set sail on a ship that had wintered at the island. It was an Alexandrian ship with the Dioscuri as its figurehead. We put in at Syracuse and stayed there three days, and from there we sailed round the coast and arrived at Rhegium. After a day, a south wind came up and in two days we reached Puteoli. There we found some brothers and were urged to stay with them for seven days. And thus we came to Rome. The brothers from there heard about us and came as far as the Forum of Appius and Three Taverns to meet us. On seeing them, Paul gave thanks to God and took courage. When he entered Rome, Paul was allowed to live by himself, with the soldier who was guarding him.
  Three days later he called together the leaders of the Jews. When they had gathered he said to them, “My brothers, although I had done nothing against our people or our ancestral customs, I was handed over to the Romans as a prisoner from Jerusalem. After trying my case the Romans wanted to release me, because they found nothing against me deserving the death penalty. But when the Jews objected, I was obliged to appeal to Caesar, even though I had no accusation to make against my own nation. This is the reason, then, I have requested to see you and to speak with you, for it is on account of the hope of Israel that I wear these chains.” They answered him, “We have received no letters from Judea about you, nor has any of the brothers arrived with a damaging report or rumor about you. But we should like to hear you present your views, for we know that this sect is denounced everywhere.”
  So they arranged a day with him and came to his lodgings in great numbers. From early morning until evening, he expounded his position to them, bearing witness to the kingdom of God and trying to convince them about Jesus from the law of Moses and the prophets. Some were convinced by what he had said, while others did not believe. Without reaching any agreement among themselves they began to leave; then Paul made one final statement. “Well did the holy Spirit speak to your ancestors through the prophet Isaiah, saying: ‘Go to this people and say: You shall indeed hear but not understand. You shall indeed look but never see. Gross is the heart of this people; they will not hear with their ears; they have closed their eyes, so they may not see with their eyes and hear with their ears and understand with their heart and be converted, and I heal them.’ Let it be known to you that this salvation of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will listen.”
  He remained for two full years in his lodgings. He received all who came to him, and with complete assurance and without hindrance he proclaimed the kingdom of God and taught about the Lord Jesus Christ.

若/ 約21:15-25
  吃完了早飯,耶穌對西滿伯多祿說:「若望的兒子西滿,你比他們更愛我嗎?」伯多祿回答說:「主,是的,你知道我愛你。」耶穌就對他說:「你餵養我的羔羊。」耶穌第二次又問他說:「若望的兒子西滿,你愛我嗎?」伯多祿回答說:「主,是的,你知道我愛你。」耶穌就對他說:「你牧放我的羊群。」耶穌第三次問他說:「若望的兒子西滿,你愛我嗎?」伯多祿因耶穌第三次問他說:「你愛我嗎?」便憂愁起來,遂向他說:「主啊!一切你都知道,你曉得我愛你。」耶穌對他說:「你餵養我的羊群。我實實在在告訴你:你年少時,自己束上腰,任意往來;但到了老年,你要伸出手來,別人要給你束上腰,帶你往你不願去的地方去。」耶穌說這話,是指他將以怎樣的死,去光榮天主。說完這話,又對他說:「跟隨我罷!」
  伯多祿轉過身來,看見耶穌所愛的那個門徒跟著,即在晚餐時靠耶穌胸膛前問:「主!是誰出賣你?」的那個門徒。伯多祿一看見他,就對耶穌說:「主,他怎樣?」耶穌向他說:「我如果要他存留直到我來,與你何干?你只管跟隨我。」於是在兄弟們中間傳出這話說:「那門徒不死。」其實耶穌並沒有說:他不死,而只說:「我如果要他存留直到我來,與你何干?」
  為這些事作證,且寫下這些事的,就是這個門徒,我們知道:他的作證是真實的。耶穌所行的還有許多別的事;假使要一一寫出來,我想所要寫的書,連這世界也容不下。

  When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Feed my lambs.” He then said to him a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Tend my sheep.” He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was distressed that he had said to him a third time, “Do you love me?” and he said to him, “Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you.” (Jesus) said to him, “Feed my sheep. Amen, amen, I say to you, when you were younger, you used to dress yourself and go where you wanted; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go.” He said this signifying by what kind of death he would glorify God. And when he had said this, he said to him, “Follow me.”
  Peter turned and saw the disciple following whom Jesus loved, the one who had also reclined upon his chest during the supper and had said, “Master, who is the one who will betray you?” When Peter saw him, he said to Jesus, “Lord, what about him?” Jesus said to him, “What if I want him to remain until I come? What concern is it of yours? You follow me.” So the word spread among the brothers that that disciple would not die. But Jesus had not told him that he would not die, just “What if I want him to remain until I come? (What concern is it of yours?)”
  It is this disciple who testifies to these things and has written them, 14 and we know that his testimony is true. There are also many other things that Jesus did, but if these were to be described individually, I do not think the whole world would contain the books that would be written.

追思亡者:
得前/ 帖前04:13-17
  弟兄們,關於亡者,我們不願意你們不知道,以免你們憂傷,像其他沒有望德的人一樣。因為我們若是信耶穌死了,也復活了,同樣也必信天主要領那些死於耶穌內的人同他一起來。我們照主的話告訴你們這件事:我們這些活著存留到主來臨時的人,決不會在已死的人以前。因為在發命時,在總領天使吶喊和天主的號聲響時,主要親自由天降來,那些死於基督內的人先要復活,然後我們這些活著還存留的人,同時與他們一起要被提到雲彩上,到空中迎接主:這樣,我們就時常同主在一起。

  We do not want you to be unaware, brothers, about those who have fallen asleep, so that you may not grieve like the rest, who have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose, so too will God, through Jesus, bring with him those who have fallen asleep. Indeed, we tell you this, on the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will surely not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself, with a word of command, with the voice of an archangel and with the trumpet of God, will come down from heaven, and the dead in Christ will rise first. Then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. Thus we shall always be with the Lord.

若/ 約05:24-30
  「我實實在在告訴你們: 聽我的話,相信派遣我來者的,便有永生,不受審判,而已出死入生。我實實在在告訴你們: 時候要到,且現在就是,死者要聽見天主子的聲音,凡聽從的,就必生存。就如父是生命之源,照樣他也使子成為生命之源;並且賜給他行審判的權柄,因為他是人子。你們不要驚奇這事,因為時候要到,那時,凡在墳墓裏的,都要聽見他的聲音,而出來: 行過善的,復活進入生命;作過惡的,復活而受審判。
  「我由我自己什麼也不能作;父怎樣告訴我,我就怎樣審判,所以我的審判是正義的,因為我不尋求我的旨意,而只尋求那派遣我來者的旨意。」

  ”Amen, amen, I say to you, whoever hears my word and believes in the one who sent me has eternal life and will not come to condemnation, but has passed from death to life. Amen, amen, I say to you, the hour is coming and is now here when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For just as the Father has life in himself, so also he gave to his Son the possession of life in himself. And he gave him power to exercise judgment, because he is the Son of Man. Do not be amazed at this, because the hour is coming in which all who are in the tombs will hear his voice and will come out, those who have done good deeds to the resurrection of life, but those who have done wicked deeds to the resurrection of condemnation.
  ”I cannot do anything on my own; I judge as I hear, and my judgment is just, because I do not seek my own will but the will of the one who sent me.”

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