【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第四週星期三(2014-07-02/ 06-19)

聖人慶日:
  宗徒猶達,主的兄弟,亦稱達陡。猶達書的作者,傳統上認為他於波斯以希臘文完成此書信,並在第六節引用墮落的天使強調只是歸依、沒有鞏固信仰和善行的人一樣會失去救恩。聖人最後在八十歲時於亞美尼亞的亞拉拉特山殉道,死於利箭。
  莫斯科的聖雅各伯,沙皇鮑里斯·戈東諾夫為加強福傳工作的權威,說服君士坦丁堡牧首耶肋米亞二世於俄羅斯建立牧首區,隨後聖人於1589年一月二十六日被選為第一任莫斯科和全俄羅斯牧首。對於沙皇鮑里斯·戈東諾夫的權力,聖人扮演了舉足輕重的角色。由於對偽德米特里一世的強烈批評,並呼籲莫斯科民眾對前皇保持忠誠,聖人最後被流放至斯塔里察的修道院,1607年重病離世。

正教會今日讀經:
羅11:2-12
  天主並沒有擯棄祂所預選的人民。難道你們不知道聖經在《厄里亞篇》上說了什麼,他怎樣向天主抱怨以色列?『上主呀!他們殺了你的先知,毀壞了你的祭壇,只剩下了我一個,他們還在謀害我的性命。』然而神諭告訴了他什麼?『我為我自己留下了七千人,他們沒有向巴耳屈過膝。』同樣,現在也留下了一些殘餘,即天主以恩寵所選拔的人。既是出於恩寵,就不是出於作為,不然,恩寵就不算為恩寵了。那麼還說什麼呢?以色列全體所尋求的,沒有得到,只有那些蒙選的人得到了;其餘的都頑梗不化了。正如所記載的:『天主賦予了他們沉睡的神,有眼看不見,有耳聽不見,直到今日,仍是如此。』達味也說過:『他們的筵席成為他們的陷阱、羅網、絆腳石和應得的報應。願他們的眼睛昏迷,不得看見。願你使他們的脊背常常彎曲。』
  那麼我再問:他們失足,是要他們永久跌倒嗎?絕對不是!而是藉著他們的過犯,使救恩臨到外邦人,為刺激他們發憤。如果因他們的過犯,世界得以致富;因他們的墮落,外邦人得以致富;他們全體歸正,更將怎樣呢?

  God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the scripture says about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel? “Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have torn down your altars, and I alone am left, and they are seeking my life.” But what is God’s response to him? “I have left for myself seven thousand men who have not knelt to Baal.” So also at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace. But if by grace, it is no longer because of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace. What then? What Israel was seeking it did not attain, but the elect attained it; the rest were hardened, as it is written: “God gave them a spirit of deep sleep, eyes that should not see and ears that should not hear, down to this very day.” And David says: “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them; let their eyes grow dim so that they may not see, and keep their backs bent forever.”
  Hence I ask, did they stumble so as to fall? Of course not! But through their transgression salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make them jealous. Now if their transgression is enrichment for the world, and if their diminished number is enrichment for the Gentiles, how much more their full number.

瑪/ 太11:20-26
  那時,耶穌就開始譴責那曾看過他許多異能的城邑,因為她們沒有悔改:「苛辣匝因,你是有禍的!貝特賽達,你是有禍的!因為在你們那裏所行的異能,如果行在提洛和漆冬,她們早己身披苦衣,頭上撒灰做補贖了。但是我給你們說:在審判的日子,提洛和漆冬所受的懲罰也要比你們的容易忍受。還有你,葛法翁!莫非你要被高舉到天上嗎?將來你必降到陰府裏;因為在你那裏所行的異能,如果行在索多瑪,她必會存留到今天。但是我給你們說:在審判的日子,索多瑪地所受的懲罰也要比你們容易忍受。」
  就在那時侯,耶穌發言說:「父啊!天地的主宰!我稱謝你,因為你將這些事瞞住了智慧和明達的人,而啟示給小孩子。是的,父啊!你原來喜歡這樣。」

  Then he began to reproach the towns where most of his mighty deeds had been done, since they had not repented. “Woe to you, Chorazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the mighty deeds done in your midst had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would long ago have repented in sackcloth and ashes. But I tell you, it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of judgment than for you. And as for you, Capernaum: ‘Will you be exalted to heaven? You will go down to the netherworld.’ For if the mighty deeds done in your midst had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. But I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom on the day of judgment than for you.”
  At that time Jesus said in reply, “I give praise to you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, for although you have hidden these things from the wise and the learned you have revealed them to the childlike. Yes, Father, such has been your gracious will.”

宗徒猶達慶日:
猶1:1-10
  耶穌基督的僕人,雅各伯的兄弟猶達,致書給在天主父內蒙愛,為耶穌基督而保存的蒙召者。願仁慈、平安、愛情豐富地賜予你們。
  親愛的,我早已切望給你們寫信,討論我們共享的就恩;但現在不得不給你們寫信,勸勉你們應奮鬥,維護從前一次而永遠傳與聖徒的信仰。因為有些早已被注定要受這審判的人,潛入你們中間;他們是邪惡的人,竟把我們天主的恩寵,變為放縱情慾的機會,並否認我們獨一的主宰和主耶穌基督。
  雖然你們一次而永遠知道這一切,但我仍願提醒你們:主固然由埃及地救出了百姓,隨後卻把那些不信的人消滅了;至於那些沒有保持自己尊位,而離棄自己居所的天使,主也用永遠的鎖鏈,把他們拘留在幽暗中,以等候那偉大日子的審判;同樣,索多瑪和哈摩辣及其附近的城市,因為也和他們一樣恣意行淫,隨從逆性的肉慾,至今受著永火的刑罰,作為鑑戒。
  可是這些作夢的人照樣玷污肉身,拒絕主權者,褻瀆眾尊榮者。當總領天使彌額爾,為了梅瑟的屍體和魔鬼激烈爭辯時,尚且不敢以侮辱的言詞下判決,而只說:「願主叱責你!」這些人卻不然,凡他們所不明白的事就褻瀆,而他們按本性所體驗的事,卻像無理性的畜牲一樣,就在這些事上敗壞自己。

  Jude, a slave of Jesus Christ and brother of James, to those who are called, beloved in God the Father and kept safe for Jesus Christ: may mercy, peace, and love be yours in abundance.
  Beloved, although I was making every effort to write to you about our common salvation, I now feel a need to write to encourage you to contend for the faith that was once for all handed down to the holy ones. For there have been some intruders, who long ago were designated for this condemnation, godless persons, who pervert the grace of our God into licentiousness and who deny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ.
  I wish to remind you, although you know all things, that (the) Lord who once saved a people from the land of Egypt later destroyed those who did not believe. The angels too, who did not keep to their own domain but deserted their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains, in gloom, for the judgment of the great day. Likewise, Sodom, Gomorrah, and the surrounding towns, which, in the same manner as they, indulged in sexual promiscuity and practiced unnatural vice, 6 serve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire.
  Similarly, these dreamers nevertheless also defile the flesh, scorn lordship, and revile glorious beings. Yet the archangel Michael, when he argued with the devil in a dispute over the body of Moses, did not venture to pronounce a reviling judgment upon him but said, “May the Lord rebuke you!” But these people revile what they do not understand and are destroyed by what they know by nature like irrational animals.

若/ 約14:21-24
  「接受我的命令而遵守的,便是愛我的人;誰愛我,我父也必愛他,我也要愛他,並將我自己顯示給他。」猶達斯──不是那個依斯加略人──遂問他說:「主,究竟為了什麼你要將你自己顯示給我們,而不顯示給世界呢?」耶穌回答說:「誰愛我,必遵守我的話,我父也必愛他,我們要到他那裏去,並要在他那裏作我們的住所;那不愛我的,就不遵守我的話;你們所聽到的話,並不是我的,而是派遣我來的父的話。」

  ”Whoever has my commandments and observes them is the one who loves me. And whoever loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and reveal myself to him.” Judas, not the Iscariot, 11 said to him, “Master, (then) what happened that you will reveal yourself to us and not to the world?” Jesus answered and said to him, “Whoever loves me will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our dwelling with him. Whoever does not love me does not keep my words; yet the word you hear is not mine but that of the Father who sent me.”

莫斯科的聖雅各伯慶日:
希/ 來07:26-08:02
  這樣的大司祭纔適合於我們,他是聖善的、無辜的、無玷的、別於罪人的、高於諸天的;他無須像那些大司祭一樣,每日要先為自己的罪,後為人民的罪,祭獻犧牲;因為衪奉獻了自己,只一次而為永遠完成了這事,因為法律所立為大司祭的人是有弱點的;可是在法律以後,以誓言所立的聖子,卻是成全的,直到永遠。
  我們所論述的要點即是:我們有這樣一位大司祭,衪已坐在天上「尊威」的寶座右邊,在聖所,即真會幕裏作臣僕;這會幕是上主而不是人手所支搭的。

  It was fitting that we should have such a high priest: holy, innocent, undefiled, separated from sinners, higher than the heavens. He has no need, as did the high priests, to offer sacrifice day after day, first for his own sins and then for those of the people; he did that once for all when he offered himself. For the law appoints men subject to weakness to be high priests, but the word of the oath, which was taken after the law, appoints a son, who has been made perfect forever.
  The main point of what has been said is this: we have such a high priest, who has taken his seat at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, a minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle that the Lord, not man, set up.

若/ 約10:09-16
  「我就是門,誰若經過我進來,必得安全;可以進,可以出,可以找到草場。賊來,無非是為偷竊、殺害、毀滅; 我來,卻是為叫他們獲得生命,且獲得更豐富的生命。我是善牧: 善牧為羊捨掉自己的性命。傭工,因不是牧人,羊也不是他自己的,一看見狼來,便棄羊逃跑──狼就抓住羊,把羊趕散了,因為他是傭工,對羊漠不關心。我是善牧,我認識我的羊,我的羊也認識我,正如父認識我,我也認識父一樣;我並且為羊捨掉我的性命。我還有別的羊,不屬於這一棧,我也該把他們引來,他們要聽我的聲音,這樣,將只有一個羊群,一個牧人。」

  “I am the gate. Whoever enters through me will be saved, and will come in and go out and find pasture. A thief comes only to steal and slaughter and destroy; I came so that they might have life and have it more abundantly. I am the good shepherd. A good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. A hired man, who is not a shepherd and whose sheep are not his own, sees a wolf coming and leaves the sheep and runs away, and the wolf catches and scatters them. This is because he works for pay and has no concern for the sheep. I am the good shepherd, and I know mine and mine know me, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I will lay down my life for the sheep. I have other sheep that do not belong to this fold. These also I must lead, and they will hear my voice, and there will be one flock, one shepherd.”

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