【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第七週星期三(2014-07-23/ 07-10)

聖人慶日:
  紀念安放吾主聖袍於莫斯科之日,即在若望/ 約翰福音19:23時提到的,被士兵擲骰子分掉的其中一份長袍碎片。聖袍一直存放於喬治亞的思凡提主教座堂聖物寶庫,直到1625年時,波斯沙赫阿拔斯一世為外交之故將其贈予當時的牧首菲拉雷特與沙皇米哈伊爾一世。
  基輔岩穴的聖安東尼,聖人年少時便對修道生活懷有渴望,成年後先進入阿陀斯聖山修行,他謙卑與服從的德行深得上主喜悅與修院僧侶們的欣賞。修院長見聖人在隱修生活的天賦,並得到天主的指引,便告訴他回到羅斯引導更多人成聖,成為羅斯當地隱修的楷模。

正教會今日讀經:
格前/ 林前7:12-24
  對其餘的人,是我說,而不是主說:倘若某弟兄有不信主的妻子,妻子也同意與他同居,就不應該離棄她;倘若某婦人有不信主的丈夫,丈夫也同意與她同居,就不應該離棄丈夫,因為不信主的丈夫因妻子而成了聖潔的,不信主的妻子也因弟兄而成了聖潔的;不然,你們的兒女就是不潔的,其實他們卻是聖潔的。但若不信主的一方要離去,就由他離去;在這種情形之下,兄弟或姐妹不必受拘束,天主召叫了我們原是為平安。因為妳這為妻子的,怎麼知道妳能救丈夫呢?或者,你這為丈夫的,怎麼知道你能救妻子呢?
  此外,主怎樣分給了各人,天主怎樣召選了各人,各人就該怎樣生活下去:這原是我在各教會內所訓示的。有人受割損後蒙召的嗎?他就不該掩蓋割損的記號;有人是未受割損蒙召的嗎?他就不該受割損。受割損算不得什麼,不受割損也算不得什麼,只該遵守天主的誡命。各人在什麼身份上蒙召,就該安於這身份。你是作奴隸蒙召的嗎?你不要介意,而且即使你能成為自由人,你也寧要守住你原有的身份,因為作奴隸而在主內蒙召的,就是主所釋放的人;同樣,那有自由而蒙召的人,就是基督的奴隸。你們是用高價買來的,切不要做人的奴隸。弟兄們,各人在什麼身份上蒙召,就在天主前安於這身份罷!

  To the rest I say (not the Lord): if any brother has a wife who is an unbeliever, and she is willing to go on living with him, he should not divorce her; and if any woman has a husband who is an unbeliever, and he is willing to go on living with her, she should not divorce her husband. For the unbelieving husband is made holy through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy through the brother. Otherwise your children would be unclean, whereas in fact they are holy. If the unbeliever separates, however, let him separate. The brother or sister is not bound in such cases; God has called you to peace. For how do you know, wife, whether you will save your husband; or how do you know, husband, whether you will save your wife?
  Only, everyone should live as the Lord has assigned, just as God called each one. I give this order in all the churches. Was someone called after he had been circumcised? He should not try to undo his circumcision. Was an uncircumcised person called? He should not be circumcised. Circumcision means nothing, and uncircumcision means nothing; what matters is keeping God’s commandments. Everyone should remain in the state in which he was called. Were you a slave when you were called? Do not be concerned but, even if you can gain your freedom, make the most of it. For the slave called in the Lord is a freed person in the Lord, just as the free person who has been called is a slave of Christ. You have been purchased at a price. Do not become slaves to human beings. Brothers, everyone should continue before God in the state in which he was called.

瑪/ 太14:35-15:11
  那地方的人一認出是耶穌,就打發人到周圍整個地方,把一切患病的人,都帶到耶穌跟前,求耶穌讓他們只摸摸他的衣邊;凡摸著的,就痊癒了。
  那時,有法利塞人和經師,從耶路撒冷來到耶穌跟前說:「你的門徒為什麼違犯先人的傳授?他們吃飯時竟不洗手。」耶穌回答他們說:「你們為什麼為了你們的傳授,而違犯天主的誡命呢?天主曾說過:『你要孝敬父親和母親。』又說過:『咒罵父親和母親的,應處以死刑。』你們卻說:誰若對父親或母親說:我所能供養你的,已成了獻儀;他就不必再孝敬父親或母親了。你們就為了你們的傳授,廢棄了天主的話。假善人哪!依撒意亞論你們預言的真好,他說:『這民族用嘴唇尊敬我,他們的心卻是遠離我;他們恭敬我也是假的,因為他們所講授的教義是人的規律。』」耶穌便叫過群眾來,對他們說:「你們聽,且要明白:不是入於口的,使人污穢;而是出於口的,纔使人污穢。」

  When the men of that place recognized him, they sent word to all the surrounding country. People brought to him all those who were sick and begged him that they might touch only the tassel on his cloak, and as many as touched it were healed.
  Then Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem and said, “Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? They do not wash (their) hands when they eat a meal.” He said to them in reply, “And why do you break the commandment of God for the sake of your tradition? For God said, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and ‘Whoever curses father or mother shall die.’ But you say, ‘Whoever says to father or mother, “Any support you might have had from me is dedicated to God,” need not honor his father.’ You have nullified the word of God for the sake of your tradition. Hypocrites, well did Isaiah prophesy about you when he said: ‘This people honors me with their lips, but their hearts are far from me; in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines human precepts.'” He summoned the crowd and said to them, “Hear and understand. It is not what enters one’s mouth that defiles that person; but what comes out of the mouth is what defiles one.”

紀念安放吾主聖袍於莫斯科:
格前/ 林前1:18-24
  原來十字架的道理,為喪亡的人是愚妄,為我們得救的人,卻是天主的德能,因為經上記載:『我要摧毀智者的智慧,廢除賢者的聰明。』智者在哪裡?經師在那裡?這世代的詭辯者又在那裡?天主豈不是使這世上的智慧變成愚妄嗎?因為世人沒有憑自己的智慧,認識天主,天主遂以自己的智慧,決意以愚妄的道理來拯救那些相信的人。的確,猶太人要求的是神蹟,希臘人尋求的智慧,而我們所宣講的卻被釘在十字架上的基督:這為猶太人固然是絆腳石,為外邦人是愚妄,但為那些蒙召的,不拘是猶太人或希臘人,基督卻是天主的德能和天主的智慧。

  The message of the cross is foolishness to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. For it is written: “I will destroy the wisdom of the wise, and the learning of the learned I will set aside.” Where is the wise one? Where is the scribe? Where is the debater of this age? Has not God made the wisdom of the world foolish? For since in the wisdom of God the world did not come to know God through wisdom, it was the will of God through the foolishness of the proclamation to save those who have faith. For Jews demand signs and Greeks look for wisdom, but we proclaim Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and foolishness to Gentiles, but to those who are called, Jews and Greeks alike, Christ the power of God and the wisdom of God.

谷/ 可15:16-32
  兵士把耶穌帶到庭院裏面,即總督府內,把全隊叫齊,給耶穌穿上紫紅袍,編了一個茨冠給他戴上,開始向他致敬說:「猶太人的君王,萬歲!」然後用一根蘆葦敲他的頭,向他吐唾沫,屈膝朝拜他。他們戲弄了耶穌之後,就給他脫去紫紅袍,給他穿上自己的衣服,然後帶他出去,把他釘在十字架上。
  有一個基勒乃人西滿,是亞歷山大和魯富的父親,他從田間來,正路過那裏,他們就強迫他背耶穌的十字架。
  他們將耶穌帶到哥耳哥達地方,解說「髑髏」的地方,就拿沒藥調和的酒給他喝,耶穌卻沒有接受。他們就將他釘在十字架上,並把他的衣服分開,拈鬮,看誰得什麼。他們把耶穌釘在十字架上時,正是第三時辰。他的罪狀牌上寫的是:「猶太人的君王。」與他一起還釘了兩個強盜:一個在他右邊,一個在他左邊。【這就應驗了經上所說的:『他被列於叛逆之中。』】路過的人都侮辱他,搖著頭說:「哇!你這拆毀聖殿,三天內重建起來的,你從十字架上下來,救你自己罷!」同樣,司祭長與經師也譏笑他,彼此說:「他救了別人,卻救不了自己!默西亞,以色列的君王!現在從十字架上下來罷,叫我們看了好相信!」連與他一起釘在十字架上的人也辱罵他。

The soldiers led him away inside the palace, that is, the praetorium, and assembled the whole cohort. They clothed him in purple and, weaving a crown of thorns, placed it on him. They began to salute him with, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and kept striking his head with a reed and spitting upon him. They knelt before him in homage. And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the purple cloak, dressed him in his own clothes, and led him out to crucify him.
  They pressed into service a passer-by, Simon, a Cyrenian, who was coming in from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross.
  They brought him to the place of Golgotha (which is translated Place of the Skull). They gave him wine drugged with myrrh, but he did not take it. Then they crucified him and divided his garments by casting lots for them to see what each should take. It was nine o’clock in the morning when they crucified him. The inscription of the charge against him read, “The King of the Jews.” With him they crucified two revolutionaries, one on his right and one on his left. (“And the scripture was fulfilled that says, ‘And he was counted among the wicked,'”) Those passing by reviled him, shaking their heads and saying, “Aha! You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save yourself by coming down from the cross.” Likewise the chief priests, with the scribes, mocked him among themselves and said, “He saved others; he cannot save himself. Let the Messiah, the King of Israel, come down now from the cross that we may see and believe.” Those who were crucified with him also kept abusing him.

基輔岩穴的聖安東尼
迦/ 加5:22-6:2
  然而聖神的效果卻是:仁愛、喜樂、平安、忍耐、良善、溫和、忠信、柔和、節制:關於這樣的事,並沒有法律禁止。凡是屬於耶穌基督的人,已把肉身同邪情和私慾釘在十字架上了。如果我們因聖神生活,就應隨從聖神的引導而行事。不要貪圖虛榮,不要彼此挑撥,互相嫉妒。
  弟兄們,如果見一個人陷於某種過犯,你們既是屬神的人,就該以柔和的心神矯正他;但你們自己要小心,免得也陷入誘惑。你們應彼此協助背負重擔,這樣,你們就滿全了基督的法律。

  In contrast, the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law. Now those who belong to Christ (Jesus) have crucified their flesh with its passions and desires. If we live in the Spirit, let us also follow the Spirit. Let us not be conceited, provoking one another, envious of one another.
  Brothers, even if a person is caught in some transgression, you who are spiritual should correct that one in a gentle spirit, looking to yourself, so that you also may not be tempted. Bear one another’s burdens, and so you will fulfill the law of Christ.

瑪/ 太4:25-5:12
  於是有許多群眾從加里肋亞、「十城區」、耶路撒冷、猶太和約但河東岸來跟隨了他。
  耶穌一見群眾,就上了山,坐下;他的門徒上他跟前來,他遂開口教訓他們說:「神貧的人是有福的,因為天國是他們的。
哀慟的人是有福的,因為他們要受安慰。溫良的人是有福的,因為他們要承受土地。飢渴慕義的人是有福的,因為他們要得飽飫。憐憫人的人是有福的,因為他們要受憐憫。心裏潔淨的人是有福的,因為他們要看見天主。締造和平的人是有福的,因為他們要稱為天主的子女。為義而受迫害的人是有福的,因為天國是他們的。幾時人為了我而辱罵迫害你們,捏造一切壞話毀謗你們,你們是有福的。你們歡喜踴躍罷!因為你們在天上的賞報是豐富的,因為在你們以前的先知,人也曾這樣迫害過他們。」

  And great crowds from Galilee, the Decapolis, Jerusalem, and Judea, and from beyond the Jordan followed him.
   When he saw the crowds, he went up the mountain, and after he had sat down, his disciples came to him. He began to teach them, saying: “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are they who mourn, for they will be comforted. Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the land. Blessed are they who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be satisfied. Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy. Blessed are the clean of heart, for they will see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God. Blessed are they who are persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when they insult you and persecute you and utter every kind of evil against you (falsely) because of me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward will be great in heaven. Thus they persecuted the prophets who were before you.”

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