【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第七週星期四(2014-07-24/ 07-11)

正教會今日讀經: 格前/ 林前7:24-35   弟兄們,各人在什麼身份上蒙召,就在天主前安於這身份罷!    論到童身的人,我沒有主的命令,只就我蒙主的仁慈,作為一個忠信的人,說出我的意見:為了現時的急難,依我看來,為人這樣倒好。你有妻子的束縳嗎?不要尋求解脫;你沒有妻子的束縳嗎?不要尋求妻室。但是你若娶妻,你並沒有犯罪,童女若出嫁,也沒有犯罪;不過這等人要遭受肉身上的痛苦,我卻願意你們免受這些痛苦。弟兄們,我給你們說:時限是短促的,今後有妻子的,要像沒有一樣;哭泣的,要像不哭泣的;歡樂的,要像不歡樂的;購買的,要像一無所得的;享用這世界的,要像不享用的,因為這世界的局面正在逝去。我願你們無所掛慮:沒有妻子的,所掛慮的是主的事,想怎樣悅樂主;娶了妻子的,所掛慮的是世俗的事,想怎樣悅樂妻子:這樣他的心就分散了。沒有丈夫的婦女和童女,所掛慮的是主的事,一心使身心聖潔;至於已出嫁的,所掛慮的是世俗的事,想怎樣悅樂丈夫。我說這話,是為你們的益處,並不是要設下圈套陷害你們,而只是為叫你們更齊全,得以不斷地專心事主。   Brothers, everyone should continue before God in the state in which he was called.   Now in regard to virgins, I have no commandment from the Lord, but I give my opinion as one who by the Lord’s mercy is trustworthy. So this is what I think best because of the present distress: that it is a good thing for a person to remain as he is. Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek a separation. Are you free of a wife? Then do not look for a wife. If you marry, however, you […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第七週星期三(2014-07-23/ 07-10)

聖人慶日:   紀念安放吾主聖袍於莫斯科之日,即在若望/ 約翰福音19:23時提到的,被士兵擲骰子分掉的其中一份長袍碎片。聖袍一直存放於喬治亞的思凡提主教座堂聖物寶庫,直到1625年時,波斯沙赫阿拔斯一世為外交之故將其贈予當時的牧首菲拉雷特與沙皇米哈伊爾一世。   基輔岩穴的聖安東尼,聖人年少時便對修道生活懷有渴望,成年後先進入阿陀斯聖山修行,他謙卑與服從的德行深得上主喜悅與修院僧侶們的欣賞。修院長見聖人在隱修生活的天賦,並得到天主的指引,便告訴他回到羅斯引導更多人成聖,成為羅斯當地隱修的楷模。 正教會今日讀經: 格前/ 林前7:12-24   對其餘的人,是我說,而不是主說:倘若某弟兄有不信主的妻子,妻子也同意與他同居,就不應該離棄她;倘若某婦人有不信主的丈夫,丈夫也同意與她同居,就不應該離棄丈夫,因為不信主的丈夫因妻子而成了聖潔的,不信主的妻子也因弟兄而成了聖潔的;不然,你們的兒女就是不潔的,其實他們卻是聖潔的。但若不信主的一方要離去,就由他離去;在這種情形之下,兄弟或姐妹不必受拘束,天主召叫了我們原是為平安。因為妳這為妻子的,怎麼知道妳能救丈夫呢?或者,你這為丈夫的,怎麼知道你能救妻子呢?   此外,主怎樣分給了各人,天主怎樣召選了各人,各人就該怎樣生活下去:這原是我在各教會內所訓示的。有人受割損後蒙召的嗎?他就不該掩蓋割損的記號;有人是未受割損蒙召的嗎?他就不該受割損。受割損算不得什麼,不受割損也算不得什麼,只該遵守天主的誡命。各人在什麼身份上蒙召,就該安於這身份。你是作奴隸蒙召的嗎?你不要介意,而且即使你能成為自由人,你也寧要守住你原有的身份,因為作奴隸而在主內蒙召的,就是主所釋放的人;同樣,那有自由而蒙召的人,就是基督的奴隸。你們是用高價買來的,切不要做人的奴隸。弟兄們,各人在什麼身份上蒙召,就在天主前安於這身份罷!   To the rest I say (not the Lord): if any brother has a wife who is an unbeliever, and she is willing to go on living with him, he should not divorce her; and if any woman has a husband who is an unbeliever, and he is willing to go on living with her, she should not divorce her husband. For the unbelieving husband is made holy through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is made holy through the brother. Otherwise your children would be unclean, whereas in fact they are […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第七週星期二(2014-07-22/ 07-09)

正教會今日讀經: 格前/ 林前6:20-7:12   你們原是用高價買來的,所以務要用你們的身體光榮天主。   論到你們信上所寫的事,我認為男人不親近女人倒好。可是,為了避免淫亂,男人當各有自己的妻子,女人當各有自己的丈夫。丈夫對妻子該盡他應盡的義務,妻子對丈夫也是如此。妻子對自己的身體沒有主權,而是丈夫有;同樣,丈夫對自己的身體也沒有主權,而是妻子有。你們切不要彼此虧負,除非兩相情願,暫時分房,為專務祈禱;但事後仍要歸到一處,免得撒殫因你們不能節制,而誘惑你們。我說這話,原是出於寬容,並不是出於命令。我本來願意眾人都如同我一樣,可是,每人都有他各自得自天主的恩寵:有人這樣,有人那樣。我對那些尚未結婚的人,特別對寡婦說:如果她們能止於現狀,像我一樣,為她們倒好。但若她們節制不住,就讓她們婚嫁,因為與其慾火中燒,倒不如結婚為妙。至於那些已經結婚的,我命令──其實不是我,而是主命令:妻子不可離開丈夫;若是離開了,就應該持身不嫁,或是仍與丈夫和好;丈夫也不可離棄妻子。   對其餘的人,是我說,而不是主說:倘若某弟兄有不信主的妻子,妻子也同意與他同居,就不應該離棄她。   For you have been purchased at a price. Therefore, glorify God in your body.   Now in regard to the matters about which you wrote: “It is a good thing for a man not to touch a woman,” but because of cases of immorality every man should have his own wife, and every woman her own husband. The husband should fulfill his duty toward his wife, and likewise the wife toward her husband. A wife does not have authority over her own body, but rather her husband, and similarly a husband does not have authority […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第七週星期一(2014-07-21/ 07-08)

聖人慶日:於1579年喀山所發現的誕神女聖像(喀山聖母像)。 正教會今日讀經: 格前/ 林前5:9-6:11   我先前在信上給你們寫過:不可與淫蕩的人交結,這話並不是泛指有這世上所有淫蕩的人,或貪婪的人,或勒索人的人,或拜偶像的人;若是這樣,你們就非出離這世界不可。其實,我寫給你們的,是說:若有稱為弟兄的,是淫蕩的,或貪婪的,或拜偶像的,或辱罵人的,或酗酒的,或勒索人的,你們就不要同他們交結;並且同這樣的人,連一起吃飯也不可。審斷教外的人,關我何事?教內的人,豈不該由你們審斷嗎?教外的人,自有天主審斷他們。你們務要把那壞人從你們中間剷除!   你們中間有人與另一人有了爭訟,怎麼竟敢在不義的人面前起訴,而不在聖者面前呢?你們不知道聖者將要審判世界嗎?如果世界要受你們審判,難道你們不配審判一些小事嗎?你們不知道我們連天使都要審判嗎?更何況日常生活的事呢?所以,若你們在日常生活上有了應審判的事,就請那些在教會內受輕視的人來裁判罷!我說這話,是為叫你羞愧,難道你們中間竟沒有一個有智慧的人,能在自己弟兄中間分辨是非,以致弟兄與弟兄互相控告,且在無信仰的人面前控告?   你們彼此有訴訟的事,就各方面講,已是你們的缺點了;那麼你們為什麼不寧願受點屈,為什麼不寧願吃點虧?你們反而使人受屈,使人吃虧,況且這還是施於弟兄!你們豈不知道,不義的人不得承繼天主的國嗎?你們不要自欺:無論是淫蕩的、或拜偶像的、犯奸淫的、作孌童的、好男色的、偷竊的、貪婪的、辱罵人的、勒索人的,都不能承繼天主的國。你們中從前也有這樣的人,但是你們因著『我們的』主耶穌基督之名,並因我們天主的聖神,已經洗淨了,已經祝聖了,已經成了義人。   I wrote you in my letter not to associate with immoral people, not at all referring to the immoral of this world or the greedy and robbers or idolaters; for you would then have to leave the world. But I now write to you not to associate with anyone named a brother, if he is immoral, greedy, an idolater, a slanderer, a drunkard, or a robber, not even to eat with such a person. For why should I be judging outsiders? Is it not your business to judge those within? God will judge […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第六週星期日(2014-07-20/ 07-07)

正教會今日讀經: 羅12:6-14   按我們各人所受的聖寵,各有不同的恩賜:如果是說預言,就應與信德相符合;如果是服務,就應用在服務上;如果是教導,就應用在教導上;如果是勸勉,就應用在勸勉上;施與的,應該大方;監督的,應該殷勤;行慈善的,應該和顏悅色。   愛情不可是虛偽的。你們當厭惡惡事,附和善事。論兄弟之愛,要彼此相親相愛;論尊敬,要彼此爭先。論關懷,不可疏忽;論心神,要熱切;對於主,要衷心事奉。論望德,要喜樂;在困苦中,要忍耐;在祈禱上,要恒心;對聖者的急需,要分擔;對客人,要款待。迫害你們的,要祝福;只可祝福,不可詛咒。   Since we have gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us exercise them: if prophecy, in proportion to the faith; if ministry, in ministering; if one is a teacher, in teaching; if one exhorts, in exhortation; if one contributes, in generosity; if one is over others, with diligence; if one does acts of mercy, with cheerfulness.   Let love be sincere; hate what is evil, hold on to what is good; love one another with mutual affection; anticipate one another in showing honor. Do not grow slack in zeal, be fervent in spirit, […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第六週星期五(2014-07-18/ 07-05)

聖人慶日:   聖亞他納修的安東尼,或稱阿陀斯山的亞他那修。於阿陀斯聖山建立了大勞拉修道院(The monastery of Great Lavra),對後世的修道方式也有很大的影響。Athanasius又亦作亞大那削。 正教會今日讀經: 格前/ 林前4:5-8   所以,時候未到,你們什麼也不要判斷,只等主來,衪要揭發暗中的隱情,且要顯露人心的計謀:那時,各人才可由天主那裏獲得稱譽。   弟兄們,我為了你們的緣故,把這些事貼在我自己和阿頗羅身上,好叫你們跟我們學習「不可越過所記載的,」免得有人自大,高看這個,鄙視那個。誰使你異於別人呢?你有什麼不是領受的呢?既然是領受的,為什麼你還誇耀,好像不是領受的呢?你已經飽滿了,已經富足了,已無需我們,自己可為王了;恨不得你們真為了王,好叫我們與你們一同為王!   Therefore, do not make any judgment before the appointed time, until the Lord comes, for he will bring to light what is hidden in darkness and will manifest the motives of our hearts, and then everyone will receive praise from God.   I have applied these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers, so that you may learn from us not to go beyond what is written, so that none of you will be inflated with pride in favor of one person over against another. Who confers distinction […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第六週星期四(2014-07-17/ 07-04)

聖人慶日:   俄羅斯皇室殉道者(沙皇尼古拉二世、皇后亞歷山德拉、皇儲阿列克謝、公主奧爾伽、塔季揚娜、瑪利亞、安娜塔西亞及其餘共同就義者)。是羅曼諾夫王朝也是俄羅斯最後的皇室。教會於2000年時正式為這些殉道者宣聖。 正教會今日讀經: 格前/ 林前3:18-23   誰也不要自欺:你們中若有人在今世自以為是有智慧的人,該變為一個愚昧的人,為成一個有智慧的人,因為這世界的智慧在天主前原是愚昧。經上記載說:『衪以智者的計謀捕捉智者;』又說:『上主認透智者的思念,原來都是虛幻。』所以,誰也不可拿人來誇口,因為一切都是你們的:無論是保祿,或是阿頗羅,或是刻法,或是世界,或是生命,或是死亡,或是現在,或是將來,一切都是你們的;你們卻是基督的,而基督是天主的。   Let no one deceive himself. If any one among you considers himself wise in this age, let him become a fool so as to become wise. For the wisdom of this world is foolishness in the eyes of God, for it is written: “He catches the wise in their own ruses,” and again: “The Lord knows the thoughts of the wise, that they are vain.” So let no one boast about human beings, for everything belongs to you, Paul or Apollos or Kephas, or the world or life or death, or the present or […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第一週星期四, Afterfeast of Pentecost(2014-06-12/ 05-30)

正教會今日讀經: 羅1:28-2:9   他們既不肯認真地認識天主,天主也就任憑他們陷於邪惡的心思,去行不正當的事,充滿了各種不義、毒惡、貪婪、兇殘,滿懷嫉妒、謀殺、鬥爭、欺詐、乖戾;任憑他們作讒謗的、詆毀的、恨天主的、悔辱人的、高傲的、自誇的、挑剔惡事的、忤逆父母的、冥頑的、背約的、無情的、不慈的人。他們雖然明知天主正義的規例是:凡作這樣事的人,應受死刑;但他們不僅自己作這些事,而且還贊同作這些事的人。   所以,人啊!你不論是誰,你判斷人,必無可推諉,因為你判斷別人,就是定你自己的罪,因為你這判斷人的,正作著同樣的事。我們知道:對於作這樣事的人,天主必照真情判斷。人啊!你判斷作這樣事的人,你自己卻作同樣的事,你以為你能逃脫天主的審判嗎?難道你不知道:天主的慈愛是願引你悔改,而你竟輕視祂豐富的慈愛、寬容與忍耐嗎?你固執而不願悔改,只是為自己積蓄,在天主忿怒和顯示祂正義審判的那一天,向你所發的忿怒。到那一天,『祂要照每人的行為予以報應』:凡恆心行善,尋求真榮、尊貴和不朽的人,賜以永生;凡固執於惡,不順從真理,反順從不義的人,執以忿怒和憤恨。患難和困苦必加於一切作惡的人,先是猶太人,後是希臘人。   And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God handed them over to their undiscerning mind to do what is improper. They are filled with every form of wickedness, evil, greed, and malice; full of envy, murder, rivalry, treachery, and spite. They are gossips and scandalmongers and they hate God. They are insolent, haughty, boastful, ingenious in their wickedness, and rebellious toward their parents. They are senseless, faithless, heartless, ruthless. Although they know the just decree of God that all who practice such things deserve death, they not only do them but give approval […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第一週星期三, Afterfeast of Pentecost(2014-06-11/ 05-29)

正教會今日讀經: 羅1:18-27   原來天主的忿怒,從天上發顯在人們的各種不敬與不義上,是他們以不義抑制了真理,因為認識天主為他們是很明顯的事,原來天主已將自己顯示給他們了。其實,自從天主創世以來,祂那看不見的美善,即祂永遠的大能和祂為神的本性,都可憑祂所造的萬物,辨認洞察出來,以致人無可推諉。他們雖然認識了天主,卻沒有以祂為天主而予以光榮或感謝,而他們所思所想的,反成了荒謬絕論的;他們冥頑不靈的心陷入了黑暗;他們自負為智者,反而成為愚蠢,將不可朽壞的天主的光榮,改歸為可朽壞的人、飛禽、走獸和爬蟲形狀的偶像。因此,天主任憑他們隨從心中的情慾,陷於不潔,以致彼此玷辱自己的身體。因為他們將虛妄變作天主的真理,去崇拜事奉受造物,以代替造物主──祂是永遠可讚美的,阿們!──因此,天主任憑他們陷於可恥的情慾中,以致他們的女人,把順性之用變為逆性之用;男人也是如此,放棄了與女人的順性之用,彼此慾火中燒,男人與男人行了醜事,就在各人身上受到了他們顛倒是非所應得的報應。   The wrath of God is indeed being revealed from heaven against every impiety and wickedness of those who suppress the truth by their wickedness. For what can be known about God is evident to them, because God made it evident to them. Ever since the creation of the world, his invisible attributes of eternal power and divinity have been able to be understood and perceived in what he has made. As a result, they have no excuse; for although they knew God they did not accord him glory as God or give him thanks. Instead, they became […] Read more »

【每日福音 | Daily Gospel】五旬節後第一週星期一、聖神星期一(2014-06-09/ 05-27)

聖人慶日:St. John the Russian, 俄羅斯的聖若望(約安),聖髑奉於希臘的艾維亞島。 正教會今日讀經: 弗5:9-19   光明所結的果實,就是各種良善、正義和誠實,你們要體察什麼是主所喜悅的;不要參與黑暗無益的作為,反要加以指摘,因為他們暗中所行的事,就是連提起,也是可恥的。凡一切事,一經指摘,便由光顯露出來;因為凡顯露出來的,就成了光明;為此說:『你這睡眠的,醒起來罷!從死者中起來罷!基督必要光照你!』   所以,你們應細心觀察自己怎樣生活;不要像無知的人,卻要像明智的人;應把握時機,因為這些時日是邪惡的;因此不要作糊塗人,但要曉得什麼是主的旨意。也不要醉酒,醉酒使人淫亂;卻要充滿聖神,以聖詠、詩詞及屬神的歌曲,互相對談,在你們心中歌頌讚美主。   For light produces every kind of goodness and righteousness and truth. Try to learn what is pleasing to the Lord. Take no part in the fruitless works of darkness; rather expose them, for it is shameful even to mention the things done by them in secret; but everything exposed by the light becomes visible, for everything that becomes visible is light. Therefore, it says: “Awake, O sleeper, and arise from the dead, and Christ will give you light.”   Watch carefully then how you live, not as foolish persons but as wise, […] Read more »